Early Literacy - Retelling
Retelling VS. Summary
Let's first start with what is the difference between retelling and summary really is. When you ask a child to retell you are looking for how many details the child retained. Like the summary, you want to see if they remember the characters, setting, problem and solution. Your checking to see if they recall most details in order. Retell really focuses on recall of details.
When we ask a child to summarize we want them to of course include the story elements (character, setting, problem and solution) and again, sequence is important. But this time, instead of a strong focus on details we are looking for the most important details that happen at the beginning, middle and end.
How to Teach Retelling
One of the best ways to start retelling with any pre-reader is to include picture prompts. This "shows" the learner what our expectations are. Click on the graphic above to check out the retelling cards I've made for The Biggest, Best, Snowman. It includes a focus sheet with it to offer ideas to include in your plans.
This activity is just a small part of my Book Companion for The Biggest, Best Snowman. You can find that here.
My kids loved this activity. I reread the story and then they used the book to read through as they picked out the retelling picture cards to put it in order.